Managing Weeds Crucial During a Drought

Recent drought conditions have made herd care difficult for Alabama livestock producers. As conditions worsen and desirable vegetation declines, established weeds are often the last plants standing. Weed management is crucial during a drought. Managing Weeds During Drought Once weeds…

Calculating the Energy Requirements of Brood Cows in Cold Weather

How much do the energy requirements of cows increase during the cold weather? This depends on the magnitude of the cold, and if it occurs under dry or wet conditions. See the calculations below. Under cold, dry conditions:  Lower critical temperature…

By-Product Feeds for Alabama Beef Cattle

Feed costs represent the largest single cost item in most beef operations. In many economic analyses, feed costs represent more than 50 percent of the variation in profit or loss differences between herds. Many beef producers utilize by-product feeds on…

Tax Consequences Related to Drought Related Sales of Livestock

Parts of Alabama are experiencing moderate to severe drought issues (according to the US Drought Monitor). Six primary counties and 15 contiguous counties were declared secretarial disasters as of September 25, 2019.¬†¬†Producers are often able to mitigate the effects of…

Nitrate Poisoning of Cattle in Alabama

Nitrate poisoning in cattle is caused by the consumption of feed or water containing high levels of nitrate nitrogen. Under most circumstances, forage crops do not contain levels of nitrates high enough to be toxic. When this does occur, however,…

Prussic Acid Poisoning of Livestock

Prussic acid poisoning, also known as cyanide poisoning, is a metabolic condition in livestock that can periodically occur in operations. Forages such as Johnsongrass, sorghum, sudangrass, and sorghum-sudangrass hybrids can contain toxic concentrations of hydrocyanic acid (HCN) after a frost…

Preventing Ruminal Acidosis When Using Supplemental Feeds for Beef Cattle

Ruminal acidosis is a digestive disorder characterized by low rumen pH (more acidic than normal). Cattle are at greatest risk for acidosis when consuming feed that is high in rapidly fermentable carbohydrates, particularly when they have not had adequate time…