Water

Water Use in Alabama

Alabama’s water resources are important for economic growth and sustainability and for quality of life. The rivers, lakes, and streams in the state help to: sustain communities provide support for industries and jobs generate power irrigate crops provide critical transportation…

Calibrating Irrigation Systems

Follow these irrigation steps to estimate how much water your irrigation system is applying. With wind conditions calm (you cannot feel a perceptible breeze on your face) turn on sprinklers for 15 minutes, recording the time of this operational test. …

Watering Efficiency and Practices

Even though watering restrictions are not yet commonplace throughout Alabama, homeowners should still take measures not to overwater. Overwatering does more than deplete the water supply; it also makes plants prone to pests and adds to stormwater runoff, which pollutes…

Watering Tips

As with any system, it is important to avoid runoff when irrigating or watering. Proper irrigation installation and design will ensure that each plant receives sufficient water.  Reduce the Need for Watering. Choose water-efficient and drought-tolerant plants, including those native to…

Rain Barrels and Cisterns

Rain barrels and cisterns are ancient technologies that are making a comeback as water shortages prompt homeowners to save and use rain that falls on their properties. Large, plastic rain barrels are now available at home and garden stores on…

Dealing with Shoreline Growth

Although it is not an issue during the time of drought, terrestrial plant growth on the newly exposed shoreline sediments of a pond during the time of drought will impact management once rains return. Some species more adapted to aquatic…

Keeping It Clean: Livestock Water Tank Maintenance

The quantity and quality of water required by livestock are important considerations for the overall maintenance of herd health and productivity. If water is suspected of causing a health problem, seek veterinary assistance to determine a diagnosis. Water Quantity and…

Fish Crowding and Pond Imbalance

In a drought, sport fish in ponds can be concentrated to the point at which predator (largemouth bass) and prey (bream) are literally side-by-side one another. Throughout this process, bluegill and other prey fish populations are often decimated by bass.…

Opportunities for Pond Renovation: Docks, Structures and Cover

Remediation – Docks, Cover, and Structure The chance to more easily replace or create a dock, structure and cover in recreational fish ponds is another ‘positive’ brought on by drought. If fishing is a point of interest, then having areas…

Fish Kills During Droughts

During a drought, the phones of Alabama Extension county offices will ring with reports of fish kills. These kills happen for two primary reasons: low water that creates crowding and poor water quality or oxygen depletions from over-fertilization and/or excessive weed…