Maggie Lawrence
17 Articles0 Comments

Nitrate Poisoning of Cattle in Alabama

Nitrate poisoning in cattle is caused by the consumption of feed or water containing high levels of nitrate nitrogen. Under most circumstances, forage crops do not contain levels of nitrates high enough to be toxic. When this does occur, however,…

Prussic Acid Poisoning of Livestock

Prussic acid poisoning, also known as cyanide poisoning, is a metabolic condition in livestock that can periodically occur in operations. Forages such as Johnsongrass, sorghum, sudangrass, and sorghum-sudangrass hybrids can contain toxic concentrations of hydrocyanic acid (HCN) after a frost…

Drought Preparedness for Horse Owners

Drought poses healthcare and management challenges for horse owners and managers.  Conditions such as high temperatures, limited water and scarce forages create a harsh environment for horses to thrive in. Fortunately, there are ways to help horses maintain good health…

Preventing Ruminal Acidosis When Using Supplemental Feeds for Beef Cattle

Ruminal acidosis is a digestive disorder characterized by low rumen pH (more acidic than normal). Cattle are at greatest risk for acidosis when consuming feed that is high in rapidly fermentable carbohydrates, particularly when they have not had adequate time…

Fish Crowding and Pond Imbalance

In a drought, sport fish in ponds can be concentrated to the point at which predator (largemouth bass) and prey (bream) are literally side-by-side one another. Throughout this process, bluegill and other prey fish populations are often decimated by bass.…

Opportunities for Pond Renovation: Docks, Structures and Cover

Remediation – Docks, Cover, and Structure The chance to more easily replace or create a dock, structure and cover in recreational fish ponds is another ‘positive’ brought on by drought. If fishing is a point of interest, then having areas…

Fish Kills During Droughts

During a drought, the phones of Alabama Extension county offices will ring with reports of fish kills. These kills happen for two primary reasons: low water that creates crowding and poor water quality or oxygen depletions from over-fertilization and/or excessive weed…